USB Printer Share Switch Circuit Project

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This simple device allows two computers to share a single USB printer or some other USB
device, such as an external flash drive, memory card reader or scanner.
A rotary switch selects the PC that you wish to use with the USB device, while two LEDs indicate the selected PC.

The most common way to share a USB printer
between two PCs is to use one machine as a print server. However,
that’s not always convenient because it means that the server PC must
always be on if you want to print something.

Picture of the project:

That can be a real nuisance if you just want to quickly fire up the
other machine and print something out. It also means that the two PCs
must be networked together, either via a hub/router or directly via an
ethernet crossover cable.

Another way is to use a dedicated USB
print server. However, as before, this must be connected to an ethernet
network, along with the PCs. Such devices also need their own power
supply, generally cost well over $100 and are overkill if you just want
to share a single USB printer between two computers for occasional printing in a home set-up.

Parts Layout

That’s where this simple device comes in. It’s basically a 2-way switch box that lets you manually switch your USB printer from one PC to the other, as required. The switching is performed using a rotary switch, while two LEDs on the front panel indicate which PC has been connected to the printer.

This method has several advantages. First, you don’t need to network
your two computers. Second, you can print from either machine with the
other turned off. And third, the device doesn’t need a power supply.

Circuit diagram:

The circuit uses switch poles S1a-S1c to select either USB
socket CON1 or CON2 and connect its pins through to CON3. The fourth
pole (S1d) selects either LED1 or LED2, to indicate which PC has been
selected.

Source: Silicon Chip14 April 2009