Tag Archives: protection.

8V DC Power Supply With Over-Voltage Protection

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This 8V DC power supply was designed for use with an expensive piece of electronic equipment. It features full over-voltage protection as a precaution against regulator failure, either in the supply itself or inside the equipment it is powering. The circuit uses a conventional full-wave rectifier, followed by a 3-terminal… Read more »

Short Circuit Protection For Balanced Supply Rails

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This circuit was designed to protect a dual rail power supply from shorts across the two rails. It uses an optocoupler to monitor each supply rail, with the internal LEDs powered from ZD2 and ZD3 and the associated resistors. While the LEDs are on, the optocoupler’s internal transistors are both… Read more »

Simple Short-Circuit Detection

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This circuit is suitable in every situation where over-current protection is required. Here we give an example from the model train world. Every seasoned model train enthusiast knows that there is nothing worse than having to find the cause of a short-circuit. On a small model railway with one locomotive… Read more »

Reverse Polarity Protector

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A series diode is often used as a means of protecting equipment from accidental power supply reversal, particularly in battery-powered equipment. Due to forward voltage losses, this is sometimes impractical. One solution is to use an enhancement mode P-channel power Mosfet (Q1) in series with the positive supply rail. A… Read more »

Overvoltage Protection

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When a sensitive circuit must under no circumstances have too high a supply voltage applied, then some means of disconnecting the supply must be provided. One way to achieve this is to trigger a thyristor to blow a fuse. A less destructive alternative possibility is to use a MOSFET to… Read more »

Laptop Protector

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Protect your valuable laptop against theft using this miniature alarm generator. Fixed in-side the laptop case, it will sound a loud alarm when someone tries to take the laptop. This highly sensitive circuit uses a homemade tilt switch to activate the alarm through tilting of the laptop case. The circuit… Read more »