Relay Circuit Detects Light Change

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Configured with capacitive coupling (by inserting a small cap between photo-transistor and bipolar transistor), this relay circuit will respond only to rapid changes  in light while ignoring normal gradual changes in ambient light. Rapid changes can be produced by light interruption or turning on/off lamps, while gradual light changes can be produced by clouds or  sunrise.  Here is the schematic diagram of the circuit:

LIGHT CHANGE SENSOR DRIVES RELAY circuit schematic diagram