100W Basic MOSFET amplifier
This Basic MOSFET amplifier is very simple to build and low cost. Is perfect for Hi-Fi amplifiers and instrument amplifiers (guitar, keyboards …). Output power is + / – 100 Wrms at 8 ohm load or + / – 160 Wrms below 4 ohms. The simplicity of this circuit cause distortion + / -0.1%. Bandwidth at -3 dB is from 4 Hz to 96 Khz and it is limited by C1, R1, R2 and C2.
Transistors T1 and T2 makes a first differential stage, current source of +/- 1 mA is set by R3. P1 allows a fine tuning of DC voltage at amplifier’s output. Place P1 at it’s half value for first power up, then turn it slowly for a lowest DC output voltage. It is recommended to use a first quality component.
Input sensitivity is 1.2 volts. The gain of 27x is archived by R7/R6. It may be modified by changing R7 value. Transistors T5 and T6 makes the second differential stage. Transistors T3 and T4 works as a current mirror source. They push the second differential stage to drain equal current. Doing so we get a high gain and an excellent linearity. Output MOSFET transistors works in AB class, their quiescient current is set from 50 to 100 mA trough P2. For setting quiescient current, you must set P2 in minimal resistance, place a multimeter in mV DC range accross on R14 or R15 leads, turn slowly the screw untill you read a 16,5 mV value, which correspond to a 50 mA quiescient current. F1 and F2 works as an elementary output short-circuit protection.
Before connecting a speaker at amplifier output, connect a multimeter at output and look on DC output voltage. This level never may be greater than 50 mV. If it is so, check all amplifier for a mistake. Also, change T2 with another device and check again.
Parts list : C1 = 2.2 uF MKP, MKT 100 V C2 = 330 pF ceramic 50 V C3 = 100 nF MKP, MKT 100 V C4 = 40 uF 100 V electro-chemical C5, C6 = 18 pF ceramic 50 V C7 = 100 nF MKP, MKT 250 V C8 = 47 uF 100 V) R1 = 47 K R 3 = 470 Ohms R2 = 2K2 R4, R5 = 3K9 R6 = 1 K R7 = 27 K R8, R9, R11 = 100 ohms R10 = 10 K R12, R13 = 470 ohms R14, R15 = 0.33 ohm 5 watts R16 = 10 ohm 3 watt R17 = 1 K R18, R19 = 10K T1, T2, T9, T10 = 2N5401, ZTX558, BC556B (note the different pinout - take care for pin layout) T3, T4 = BF470, MJE350, 2SB649 T5, T6 = BF469, MJE340, 2SD669 T7 = IRFP240, 2SK1530, 2SJ162, BUZ900DP, BUZ901DP (note the different pinout - take care for pin layout: GDS GSD) T8 = IRFP9240, 2SJ201, 2SK1058, BUZ905DP, BUZ906DP (note the different pinout - take care for pin layout: GDS GSD) P1 = 100 ohms (25 laps - 25 turns) P2 = 2K5 (25 laps - 25 turns) F1, F2 = 3 T A
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